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Transactions of the INDIAN CERAMIC SOCIETY   Vol. 32  1973
The History of Sheet Enamelling in India
D. P. NIYOGI
Pages : 5N-7N
DOI : 10.1080/0371750X.1973.10840559
Abstract
THE modern ceramic industry came into existence in our country in the early part of twentieth century and several factories were started in the first decade of this century. The enamelling on iron and steel slowly began to develop in the twenties, although production of small enamelled sign-plates on a very modest scale dated much earlierL 2 In the earlier days, the industry was entirely dependant on imported steel sheets and foreign enamel frits. After the World War I, at Calcutta, the then largest city in Asia, the sheet iron enamelling industry began to take a definite shape. Around 1918 a company was formed with a capital of Rs. 50,000/- and the first factory in India was started by Shri Shyam Lal Banerjee3. Shri Banerjee obtained the enamelling know-how and purchased the necessary factory equipment from Japan. At about the same time Shri M. M. Sur and Shri R. C. Sur drew up a programme for the manufacture of household enamelled wares and started experimenting at Science College, Calcutta, under Professor P. N. Ghose, Head of the Department of Applied Physics. They started the second factory, Messrs Sur Enamelling & Stamping Works, in Calcutta. A few months later Shri M. M. Sur sailed for Europe to study the principles of enamelling in U. K. and also in Vienna, Austria. On his return to India, Shri Sur joined his company and effectively utilized his knowledge for improvement of the industry.
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