Transactions of the INDIAN CERAMIC SOCIETY Vol. 66 2007
Corrosion Behaviour of Bismuth-Silicate Glasses
and their Glass-Ceramic Derivatives
and the Effect of Ionizing Gamma-Irradiation
Fatma H. A. El-Batal* and Fathy M. Ezz-Eldin**
Pages : 175-185
The corrosion weight losses by aqueous acidic or alkaline solutions have been studied for binary bismuth oxide-silica glasses and their corresponding glass-ceramic derivatives with the Bi2O3 : SiO2 molar per cent varying from 90 : 10 to 50 : 50. The corrosive action on these glasses and glass-ceramics by acid solutions has been found to depend on the pH and the type of anion present in solution, and the attack by NaOH solution has been seen to be slightly lower than that by the acidic solutions. Generally, the corrosion decreases with the increase in the SiO2 content in the samples as expected due to the strong structural role of silica in the glass network. Also, the corrosion has been found to increase with the microcrystalline compact glass-ceramic derivatives. Gamma- irradiation slightly changes the corrosion behaviour. Morphology of the glass surface changes has been studied by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) measurements. Various features of islands and surface cracks have been observed to be formed after subjecting the glass to the action of corroding solutions. In general, the bismuth silicate glasses and glass-ceramic derivatives are found to be of acceptable chemical durability and possess marked resistance to gamma-irradiation.